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School Girl & Stuffed Animal / Foreign Made Constitution

Painting with oil & hand embroidery 89cm x 116cm


At 8:15 a.m. on August 6th 1945, the first atomic bomb in the history of mankind exploded over Hiroshima. This bomb was called ‘Little Boy’ . President Truman stated that the bomb was dropped to save thousands of young American lives. That day close to150,000 innocent civilians were massacred.  3 days later, another atomic bomb was dropped over Nagasaki and about 80,000 lives were terminated. We are the only nation in the world that experienced atomic bomb explosions on civilian soils. This is the well known fact in the world history.


  However another historical fact was not openly discussed and very few people are aware of this event taking place immediately after the war. In my view, this historical event more deeply marked the Japanese psyche than even atomic devastations. In the early months of the US occupation, by direct order of general Douglas MacArthur, the Japanese constitution was entirely rewritten by 25 American military personnels in just 9 days (from February 4 - 12, 1946). The reconstituted Japanese government has existed under this constitution for more than 60 years.


   Chapter 2 of article 9   in the new constitution states that, ‘the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes. Land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained.’ Japan has no means of defending itself against any foreign invation. Becasue of this article in our constitution, Japan has been totally dependent on US military force for our security and survival as one nation  This dependence has totally crashed our national pride and broke our back bone as independent human being. It has created infantile and immature attitude towards our own sovereign rights among Japanese youth and our society. In my view, this same sense of national and individual powerlessness is reflected in the infantile attitudes and psychoneurotic costumes of these girls I have painted., Subconsciously they seek to erase their Japanese identity by transforming themselves completely.